- by theguardian
- 21 Sep 2023
Fresh fears have been raised about the training material used for some of the largest and most powerful artificial intelligence models, after several investigations exposed the fascist, pirated and malicious sources from which the data is harvested.
The white nationalist site VDARE is in the database, one of the 1,000 largest sites, as is the far-right news site Breitbart. The Russian state-backed propaganda site RT is one of the hundred largest providers of training data to the C4 corpus.
Few of the sites gave explicit consent to be included, although Common Crawl, the non-profit organisation that assembled the scraped data, says it respects requests to be left out of its search. Some, however, push the limits of fair use: b-ok.org, formerly known as Bookzz, was a vast repository of pirated ebooks, until it was seized by the FBI in 2022. Despite that, contents of the site remain in the C4 database.
Such vast collections of data are important to AI creation, because the large language models (LLM) that underpin tools such as ChatGPT need huge datasets to improve.
Google was approached for comment.
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